Conference about hikikomori in Paris, 20-21 March 2013

The first French-Japan international symposium about hikikomori and withdrawn youth issues will take place in Paris.

On March the 20th the symposium will gather sociologists, anthropologists, psychiatrists, psychologists, and psychoanalysts. The day after the movie tobira no mukou will be shown at Paris Descartes University, and there will be a debate with the movie maker and the producer.

For further details and schedule, please check the website of the conference.

ARGUMENTAIRE

Depuis plus de deux ans, des chercheurs japonais et français se réunissent pour explorer le phénomène du retrait chez les jeunes de ces deux pays.

Le retrait des jeunes, dit « hikikomori » au Japon est un phénomène grandissant qui consiste pour des adolescents et des jeunes adultes à se retirer, le plus souvent dans leur chambre, pendant une durée allant de plusieurs mois à plusieurs années. Ils s’extraient ainsi de toutes les relations sociales attendues (études, emploi ou recherche d’emploi, amis), alors qu’aucune pathologie psychiatrique avérée n’explique ce retrait.

En France, il n’existe pas de terminologie spécifique pour appréhender et qualifier ce phénomène, alors qu’au Japon il est clairement repéré, largement étudié et fait l’objet de politiques ciblées de prévention et de prise en charge.

Retrait, réclusion, renoncement, évitement, refus : ces jeunes semblent renvoyer à toute injonction ou attente sociale à leur endroit, un déroutant « je préfèrerais ne pas ». Ni véritablement contestataires, ni marginaux, ni malades, les jeunes retirants évitent d’assumer les rôles attendus d’eux, suspendent le temps, se désynchronisent et mobilisent un espace-temps singulier, laissant perplexe leurs proches autant que les acteurs des mondes de l’éducation, ou de l’intervention médico-psychologique.

Qu’est-ce qu’un tel phénomène dit de nos sociétés contemporaines, des chemins sinueux vers l’âge adulte, des injonctions et idéaux de performance et d’autonomie, des espaces scolaires et familiaux, des formes de lien et de communication et des troubles qu’ils peuvent induire ?

Telles sont les questions qui seront abordées lors de ce colloque réunissant des sociologues, anthropologues, psychiatres et psychologue français et japonais.

Suicide after Ijime in France and Japan

Boy on high school baseball club kills self after repeat scolding by coach

OKAYAMA — A student assistant to a high school baseball team committed suicide here last year after the team coach verbally attacked him repeatedly, the Mainichi Shimbun has learned.

According to the Okayama Prefectural Board of Education, the 16-year-old student at Okayama Sozan Senior High School was found dead near his house in Okayama on the morning of July 26 last year. No suicide note was found.

While the board has not confirmed the causal relationship between the teacher and baseball coach’s frequent rebukes and the boy’s suicide, after interviewing baseball club members it wrote to the student’s parents, stating, “There were disciplinary measures and comments that may have gone too far.”

Following a request from the boy’s parents, the education board interviewed students on the baseball team in October and November last year. The boy entered the baseball club as a player, but quit in June 2012, and had told his friends that he was being severely scolded by the coach.

The student reentered the club as an assistant on July 23, and on the same day was yelled at by the coach to take notes on the blackboard. The coach ordered him to shout louder during a July 25 practice and called him out onto the field afterwards for yet another round of scolding. On the way home that day, the student said to his classmates, “I’m not a team assistant. I’m just there.”

The coach had been seen yelling phrases such as “I’ll kill you” at players during practices and brandishing a chair during games. He told the education board that he was sorry and said, “I thought I was just passionately teaching the students discipline, but I might have gone too far.” The school replaced him as baseball coach in November last year.

School principal Katsuhiro Hiromoto told reporters at a Feb. 13 news conference, “We can’t tell if scolding caused the suicide. We haven’t confirmed any bullying or physical punishment, but we can’t say for sure whether discipline went too far. We will talk with the education board to consider setting up a third-party ivestigation.”

February 13, 2013(Mainichi Japan)

Ce sont les parents qui ont trouvé leur fils pendu dans sa chambre et les secours, arrivés rapidement sur place, n’ont rien pu faire. Les parents ont affirmé avoir prévenu la direction du collège des difficultés relationnelles de leur fils au sein de sa classe de 4eme. Il aurait même pris récemment un coup au visage. Les moqueries et brimades auraient commencé dès son arrivée au 6e au collège, notamment parce qu’il était roux, avance BFM TV.

Une enquête a été ouverte par la gendarmerie d’Albertville pour comprendre les circonstances du drame et s’il était «prévisible».

 M.P.

” Pathology seen in French Hikikomori ”

Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi. 2012;114(10):1173-9.

[Article in Japanese]

Source

Department of Psychopathology & Psychotherapy, Graduate School of Medicine/Center for Student Counseling, Nagoya University.

Abstract

Young people who meet the definition of “Hikikomori” have come to be seen in France since around 2008. However, simply “fitting the definition” does not necessarily mean that they are the same as “Hikikomori” in Japan. Rather, it is important to ask what kind of young people “fit the definition of Hikikomori in France” and what kind of pathology they have. With these questions, our Japanese-French joint research team comprising specialists in various fields conducted a survey of “Hikikomori” in French youth, with support from a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research B (overseas research), and started a comparative joint study on “Hikikomori” in Japan and “Hikikomori” in France. In that study it was found that whereas one aspect of “Hikikomori” in Japan is described by the word déraillement (coming off the “rails”), “Hikikomori” in France is a state closer to dropping out and is accompanied by a type of “sense of insufficiency”. This “sense of insufficiency” is above all related to something in the society and culture of France, and an investigation of how it is linked to “Hikikomori” is an issue for the future.